Key Initiatives till date

Maikalsutta Eco Friendly Natural Honey Federation

Maikalsutta Eco Friendly Natural Honey Federation

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Fostering Tribal Communities for Livelihood Promotion through Eco-Friendly Honey Harvesting in the Forest Habitations of Mandla District of Madhya Pradesh

The traditional honey hunters in all the nine blocks of Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh who are mostly tribals; Gond, Baiga, Pradhan etc. and reside in the forest villages or close to forest habitations are organised in to groups and trained for scientific and eco friendly honey harvesting. The rock bee is the largest producer of honey among Indian bees and its one honeycomb yields between 5 and 15 kg of honey. Honeybees generally inhabit deep ridges, large trees and green cover near water bodies as it considers these places to be safe and secure from human interventions. The traditional way of honey collection results in large-scale destruction. The scientific technique of honey harvesting has made the task easier and now it’s possible to extract honey more than once from a single honeycomb without its destruction and without killing or displacing the bees. Hence, honey hunting is being thought of as an additional source of income for the villagers, not only a pass time occupation.

CARD has been organizing traditional tribal (non-tribals also) honey hunters into Self Help Groups, upgrade their skills, arranging modern hygienic procurement and processing facilities, and to provide value addition by introducing quality control, packaging, branding, certification and establishing marketing linkages. The initiative was initially supported by the Canda Fund for Local Initiative (CFLI) in establishing a honey processing plant which is one of the largest plants in MP. The tribal youth were trained in non destructive harvesting techniques and were provided kits and protective dresses through TRIFED and SGSY support.

A loosely knit tribal honey hunter’s federation was established in the name of Maikalsutta. The members (22 groups) after training in non destructive eco friendly honey harvesting techniques pledged not to destroy honey comb and kill bees. This was further authenticated by the Gram Panchayat. Managed by CARD the Maikalsutta was unable to cross 2 tone honey sale. This is where SRTT also provided small support. The average annual sales are of 5 tons, meaning that around Rs 6 lakh is regularly distributed to the members.

Lok-Maandi-Self Governance for Resource Management

Lok-Maandi-Self Governance for Resource Management

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Fostering Self Governance for Resource Management and Sustainable Development

LOK MAANDI – people’s platform for voicing their concern was established under DFID supported initiative of Poorest Areas Civil Societies (PACS). The organization had concentrated its efforts in 30 selected villages of Ghughari block of Mandla district in the first phase of the activities. The objective to empower the local communities to realize their access and entitlements and the successful approaches used were further replicated in the entire block. The major objectives were:

  • To organize tribals into Common Interest Groups/Self Help Groups and enable sustainable functioning of these Groups through income generation initiatives based on value addition of local resources.
  • To enable the rural communities realize powers of Gram-Sabha to follow a demand-driven development approach.
  • To empower people for conducting social audit of the development activities for ensuring transparency in the system.
  • To ensure participatory planning and decision making process in the Panchayati Raj System.
  • The above objectives are achieved through: building awareness, mobilising people mostly women, implementing citizen’s charter, participatory micro planning and strengthening of natural resource base.

This unprecedentented initiative is awaiting further action.

Thrift & Credit Network of Women Sawrojgaris of Malwa

Thrift & Credit Network of Women Sawrojgaris of Malwa

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Developing a network of Mahila Sawrojgaris from existing Women Thrift Cooperatives of Malwa Region of MP

CARD-NDDB Women Thrift and Credit Project (WTCP) was implemented in 73 villages of the Malwa Region, 41 villages in Tarana and Ghattiya Blocks of Ujjain District and 32 villages in Shajapur Block of Shajapur district. 73 village level women groups (one group at each village level) have been formed here. The WTCP was initiated in 2000 in Tirupathi district of Andhra Pradesh and Shajapur district of Madhya Pradesh. One of the driving factors behind the choice of the two states was the prevalent self-reliant co-operative legislation. The main objective of the project was to establish viable, vibrant, replicable thrift co-operatives of women, and their association, in areas covered by dairy co-operatives. Eight WTCs out of total 73 WTCs were registered under M.P. Self Reliant Co-operatives Act, 1999. NDDB had decided to withdraw and hand over the task to another agency in the region with a vision to carry forward with innovation for sustenance. The groups were, therefore handed over to CARD- an organisation with strong livelihood experience. CARD decided to strengthen these groups first by initiating Capacity-building inputs and later on to initiate the Micro Enterprise and Micro Finance activities among these groups. CARD has formalized some of these groups, in developing linkages with various developmental agencies and also facilitating long term and short term capacity building interventions.

Tejaswani : Woman Entrepreneurs      

Tejaswani : Woman Entrepreneurs

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Tejeswani Programme

The word ‘Tejeswani’ implies capability and radiance. The Tejaswani rural women empowerment Programme aims at empowering poor women to make use of the economic, social and political opportunities for enhancing their well- beings. CARD in association with Madhya Pradesh Mahila Vitta Evam Vikas Nigam/ Tejeswani has been working in 2 locations, Padmi and Mandla in Mandla district. Targetting about 16000 households in 91 villages in 20 village clusters the programme has already covered over 5300 households through 436 SHGs, formed 71 VLCs and opened accounts for 274 groups and savings of more than Rs 25 lakh.

There is strong input of CB through livelihood, vision building, leadership and bank exposure trainings. Health, education and gender are the other issues of empowerment. The project has established linkages with state level schemes of; Indira Awas Yojna Training on Stitching, Organic farming & Soya Processing, Ladli Laxmi Yojna, SRI and Vegetable Cultivation, Plantation, Kapildhara/ Balram tal, Training-Mulberry, sewing machine distribution, etc.

Mahakaushal Diversified farming system (SDTT)

Mahakaushal Diversified farming system (SDTT)

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Enhancing Quality Living and Integrated Development through Diversified Farm Management in Mahakaushal Region (Phase-I&II)

Mandla district is predominantly tribal with large populations of Gonds and Baigas who are known for their traditional cultivation practices almost away from modern appropriate technologies and market. The agriculture development of the district is constrained by the small size of its land holding and therefore, the only approach to agriculture development of the region rests on productivity enhancement of these land holdings. The issues of farm sector allied activities also need to be addressed in order to meet the objective of agriculture development. There is a need to augment support and extension services for agriculture with the diversification of agricultural practices. With this broad objective in mind the proposal of SDTT supported Mahakaushal region prepared to address farming related livelihoods issues of farmers of Mandla district. Farmer Field School based agriculture development/ extension approach combined with the public-private-community participation approach makes the strategy for wide spread adoption and spread of agricultural innovations in the tribal dominated backward region.

The basic emphasis is on development of scientific and technical facilities and linking the community to them for strengthening livelihood opportunities.

  • Creating awareness among farmers for agricultural development, mobilize benefiting farmers for collective action and choice of cost-effective activities in crop production,
  • Provide technical support (extension services) focusing more on system-wide improvements
  • Development of informal/ formal training centre for enhancement of productivity and understanding about various factor related with productivity.
  • Developing a team of progressive farmers, youth and women for developing a methodology for better crop management by adopting FFS principles. The team will organise number of crop demonstrations on aspects like

The First phase of the programme was implemented in 20 villages of 13 Panchayats of Ghughari block covering a population of over eighteen thousand with 15 thousand hectares land. The process started with selection of 19 master and 20 extension farmers who have good knowledge of farming activities, who in turn act as CRPs and have organized FFS on crops like; Paddy, Maize, Wheat, Gram, Pulses (Arhar) and Vegetables (Chilly & Tomato). Technology Demonstrations adopted are- SRI, Line Sowing, improved & hybrid verities, Seed treatment, IPM through organic, etc. Training of Trainers (TOT) are organized on basic field course, group organization and regular systems evolved for inputs on critical stages of new crop varieties. One central and village level FFS, extension and masters farmer are trained at central FFS, Trained farmers starts FFS at respective village twice in a month.

Outcomes of Phase-I: CARD had conducted 40 FFSs covering 1135 demonstrations for 750 farmers in 20 villages, and covered over 3000 demonstrations of SRI in paddy during the Kharif season, also constructed two farm ponds and one stop dams. During this period CARD had also progressed in its initiatives of integrated development of tribal communities. Its initiative of empowering 500 women groups under Tejaswani moved conclusively in 100 villages of Ghughari and Mandla blocks. CARD also started new watershed initiatives in 20 more villages in Ghughari and Bijadandi blocks with Integrated Micro Planning (IMP) and River Revival schemes based on NREGA watershed concept.

Beginning of Phase-II: The objective of Phase-II was to disseminate the learning’s and approaches generated in during Phase-I in the adjoining areas. The second phase started from May, 2013 based on the results of our demonstrations through the FFS on SRI technology in paddy, which have been astonishing, and the process has now been adopted very well by nearly all the tribal farmers in Ghughari, one of the most backward areas of Mandla district. A few of them have earned very good profit and want to repeat in future also. They are now our willing partners in FFS and other agriculture technology transfer activities. Rather other farmers who are not our direct beneficiaries are also willing to partner us in future. It seems as if they were craving for proper knowledge and resources leading to development and prosperity. We now have to ensure that the whole region and not a particular cluster start enhanced earnings from agriculture, so that we move towards our vision of a journey towards empowered communities and sustained habitats.

Summary of Program Findings: In all 7582 demonstrations were organized for kharif crops; maximum for paddy (4801) and maize (1128). New varieties were introduced. The impact is clearly seen in the comparative table with output of control plots. The output in the demonstration plot is more than double in paddy, and more than the control plot crops by atleast a fourth in case of all other crops. The total demonstrations during rabi were 2126, almost half being for wheat, followed by vegetables and mixed cropping. Kodo and gram were also covered with sizable number of beneficiaries. The output in the demonstration plot is double then the control plot in wheat, and slightly more than the control plot crops in case of soybeans and gram. In case of kodon it has reduced output in the demonstration plots compared to control plot. For vegetables it was a new case as the beneficiaries has for the first time grown vegetables. The targets have largely been achieved with slight variation in output. Only in the case of micro plans the team was asked to stop the activity after 10 micro plans were completed, because it was realized that the output was not of much use.

Overall Achievement: Overall achievement of the project output and objectives are satisfactory. We feel very good relation with trust. Significant achievement are here under

  • In all 40 FFS, 8791 demos, completed including convergence.
  • 66 VLCs actively participate for promotion of all programs.
  • Over 3000 farmers adopted SRI/ line sowing / transplanting method of paddy production.
  • More than 3000 Farmers better understanding POP of crops; importance of quality seed/ difference between grain & seed, Seed Treatment, etc.
  • More than 5000 farmers (including SHG Federation members) covered under the program.
  • About 60-70 % production increased by adopting SRI method and in Rabi season wheat & Gram.
  • Around a thousand Farmers learnt about proper compost production.
  • Around Rs. 22 Lakh convergence from other Donors.

Conclusions & Recommendations :The proposal “Enhancing Quality Living and Integrated Development through Diversified Farm Management in Mahakaushal Region” was submitted by CARD originally as an independent proposal for integrated agriculture based development for increased production and enhanced quality of living. But later on it was developed as per SDTT priority programme as an integrated network project combined for 5 agencies; PRADAN, ASA, FES, CARD and NEWSYD. The programme was shaped in to crop demonstration and promotion of organic cropping in the region. It has to a great extent achieved those objectives by setting up trends for SRI method of cultivation, line sowing, seed treatment promotion and use of vermin compost and organic pesticides and insecticides, etc. Now thousands of farmers have adopted practicing these improved agricultural practices as a result of SDTT and MKSP programmes. In addition a few water harvesting activities were also taken up which have come up very well. Special mention is of completion of a stop dam left under construction under the MGNREGA and a community lift irrigation scheme. Both the activities have left a mark to remember.

But the project could not address many other issues which were proposed in the initial proposal. Fruit production and milk production are very limited in project area, which cause low income. Livestock production performance very poor in project area and some activity for livestock productivity enhancement needed. The NTFP is an integral part of tribal household income and that too remained untouched. In the tribal region agriculture is only one aspect of livelihood and unless we cover farming system integrated approach overall development remains limited. The trust may look for integrated farming system approach in such areas in future.

Farmer Support Programme in Responsible Soya (Solidaridad)

Farmer Support Programme in Responsible Soya (Solidaridad)

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Farmer Support Programme in Responsible Soya (SOLIDARIDAD)

The CARD- Solidaridad Network association has been formd in five districts of Malwa region viz Ujjain, Dewas, Shajapur (Agar), Dhar and Jhabua Districts. We had covered 9000 farming households of the project area under FSP (RS). CARD has already been working in these areas with government and private projects on agriculture productivity enhancement. The FSP programme has brought in the elements of responsible farming in the fore front. The project initiatives include demonstrations of improved agronomic practices, trainings, Exposure visits, awareness camps, scientist interaction, pear review meetings of producers on RTRS principles and GAP including Social, environmental, labour, gender issues, etc. The major achievements of the project are as under:

  • Registration of 9000 farmers from different socio economic community including Bhil tribes.
  • Trained a total number of 6853 farmers, towards our project objectives.
  • Total 2107 demonstrations on different cropping techniques were facilitated. Total 2107 farmers took the benefits of these demonstrations.
  • Total 354 Farmers’ Interest Groups have been formed in project villages to organize the farmers in their institutions. Equal number of Lead farmers has also been identified who are representing these institutions.
  • Different events were organized in the project villages to facilitate farmers- scientists’ interaction. Total 25 such events were organized through which total 1455 farmers received useful information against their queries and also received information of latest farming system technologies.
  • Internal Audit activity was facilitated among all the registered farmers.
  • Yield assessment exercise was facilitated among 875 farmers on Soy crop.
  • Around 4700 farmers participated in external audit exercise.
  • 9704 ha area brought under RTRS principles.
  • Solidaridad (South and South East Asia) team organizes trainings/workshops and review meetings for the FSP partners. Following are some major events organized during the project duration:
  • National Stakeholder Workshop for Sustainable Soybean Production was organised at Bhopal on 25TH September 2013.Two field staff and two farmers participated in the same from our project.
  • Workshop for Capacity building and technical training for I.P field staff had been organised at Bhopal during25th-26th July 2013.Total 14 participants from our project participated in this workshop.
  • During 13-15 November 2013 Solidaridad (South and South East Asia) organized Experience sharing and review workshop at Bhopal. Our two team members participated in this workshop and made a presentation on the project achievements.
  • Workshop for capacity building and program planning during 16th and 17th June 2014 Total 9 participants from our project participated in this workshop.
  • Seminar was organized on “How to create market transformation’’ at Bhopal on 30th June 2014. Total 4 participants from our project participated in this workshop.
  • On 13thOctobar 2014 an interactive session was organized with the Directors of Solidaridad International to gain views, suggestions, vision and expectations relating to future role of the Solidaridad in the region. Total 5 participants from our project participated in this workshop.
  • Female farmers from our project area visited Dewas and shared their opinion regarding FSP during the field visit of Directors of Solidaridad International
  • Experience sharing Workshop was organized in Bhopal on 21 November 2014. Two members from our project were present and shared their experiences.
  • Strategic Meeting on Cotton and Soy on 14 Jan 2015.
  • "Stakeholders Conference on Sustainable Soy and Interaction with RTRS CEO" on 2nd April, 2015.
  • Workshop for Sustainable soya week at Indore (Krishi Anusandhan Kendra) on 5 Jun 2015 totals 13 females participants from our project participated in this workshop.
  • Sustainable Soya week at Bhopal 10 Jun 2015 total 9 participants from our project participated in this workshop.
  • Organized total 225 training/workshops at different levels in which total 4697 farmers participated,
  • Total 701 farmers of the from the project villages participated in 18 exposure visits organized towards various agriculture/horticulture events, research institutes such as KVKs, Directorate of soybean Research, Indore, National agriculture Basant mela, Nagpur, Agriculture college, Verdha & Mahatma Gandhi Rural Industrial Institute, Verdha, Shri shivaji agriculture college & KVK Amravati, Horticulture nursery of Punjab Rao Deshmukh Vidhyapeeth & Udhyan Vidhya College Akola (M.H) etc. Here farmers witnessed various improved farming practices.

Project activities were planned for 74 villages in the Malwa Plateau consisting of 10 blocks from 5 districts Shajapur-now Agar (Agar, Nalkheda, Susner blocks) Ujjain (Tarana, Ghatiya, Ujjain blocks), Dewas, (Dewas block), Dhar (Tirla, Nalcha blocks), Jhabua,( Petlawad block). Total 9000 farmers have been registered under the project. Different activities were planned to facilitate among these registered farmers. These activities have been divided under three main sectors which are as under; i) Production Support Activity, ii) Organizational Strengthening Activity and iii) Certification Support Activity.

1. Production Support Activity:

Demonstration of Responsible Agriculture Practices: In India agriculture extension is a primary requirement at all levels hence the main objective behind organizing demonstrations is to demonstrate improved and responsible crop production and protection technologies and its management practices in the farmers’ fields under different agro-climatic regions and farming situations. The selection of the approaches for demonstration has been done considering the principles of RTRS. While demonstrating the technologies in the farmers’ field, the scientists are required to study the factors contributing higher crop production, prevalent practices, field constrains of production, and thereby generation of production data and feedback information. Front-Line Demonstrations are conducted in a plot of one or two hectares land in order to have better impact of the demonstrated technologies on the farmers and field level extension functionaries. Total 433 demonstrations on different farming system techniques have been facilitated. Each demonstration has been performed on 1 Acre land of participating farmer. Details of the same are as under:

Details of Demonstrations Facilitated during May 2013- Oct 2015

S.No. Technique Demonstrated Cumulative
Broad bed furrow
Raised bed furrow
Integrated Pest Management (Pheromone trap)
Seed spacing, seed replacement, seed rate, treatment etc
Deep Ploughing
Farm bounding’s
Vermi compost

Trainings: have been organized in the project area to address the different issues such as, Good agriculture practices, Internal/external Audit process and importance, Farmers’ institution (FPO) formation etc. Farmers, Lead farmers, ICS Staff, FIG members etc. were the participants of these trainings. Besides exposure visits have been organized of the ICS staff towards institutions involved in the FPO formation and promotion of responsible agriculture practices. ICS staff from project area visited these institutions to witness the process of FPO formation and improved agronomic practices for Soy crop and other important crops of the region. Details of these trainings and exposure are as under:

Interaction between ICS staff/Lead Farmers, Farmers and Scientist: Input support has been provided to the producers with a view to support them adopt Good Agriculture Practices (GAP). For the purpose a kit containing gloves and masks has been introduced among the farmers to be used while performing cropping operations such as seed treatment, pesticide/ insecticide application, fertilizer application etc. where the use of hazardous chemicals is involved. The distribution of this kit was made during the farmers’ registration event. Before distributing this kit its use and importance was shared with them. Total 9094 farmers have received the kit from the project.

Distribution Details of kit containing Masks& gloves

S.No. District Total Farmer
2. Organizational Strengthening Activity

Yield assessment: This has been performed with a representative sample of participating Soy crop producers in the villages of Agar, Dewas, Dhar, Jhabua and Ujjain districts. Yield Assessment exercise had been performed among 1983 farmers which is 10% sample of total registered farmers under the FSP. During this farmers were involved in measuring the yield of selected plots in a participatory method. The soybeans yield was measured through employing Crop cutting Method by plotting (Standard 1x1 mt plots) and 3 Plots per farm (1 Bigha). The exercise was carried out in 1983 farmers’ fields of 1 bigha each.

3. Certification Support Activity

Internal audit is the integrated part of RTRS certification process. To achieve this we initiated with the trainings to lead farmers from different groups along with ICS staff. Much such training had been organized to generate understanding towards the method, importance and outcomes of the exercise. Internal audit of all 9000 farmers had been completed. Further external audit also had been done with 4740 farmers from different villages of Agar (1490 farmers), Dhar (1121 farmers) and Ujjain (2129 farmers) Districts.

Integrated Agriculture Development (ATMA & ICRISAT)

Integrated Agriculture Development (ATMA & ICRISAT)

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ATMA: Agriculture Technology Management:

CARD has been associated with ATMA project implemented by Department of Farmers Welfare and Agriculture Development, Government of Madhya Pradesh since June, 2009. “Farmers’ Field School”- one the most effective extension programme offers community–based, non-formal education to groups of 20-25 farmers. The FFS firmly believes in the principal that farmers are very informative but may lack knowledge of new science and technology inputs like – soil and land characteristics based crop rotation, use of new varieties of crops (HYV), application of rig ht mix of fertilizers, micro-nutrients application or use of insecticides and pesticides etc.

CARD has been implementing ATMA project in 30 villages of 10 blocks four districts of Malwa region and one district in Estern region; Ujjain, Dewas, Shajapur, Dhar, Jhabua and Mandla. 2 to 3 FFS have been established in each selected block. Each village level FFS consists of 25 participants for training. Front line demonstration has been provided to farmers in terms of agriculture land, and usage of new and updated package of practices and new technologies for sustainable crop production. The major Rabi crops are gram, wheat, vegetables and pulses and the kharif crops are Soybean and Paddy. Crop season wise training has been given covering all technical aspects of crop production at the demonstration farms to the target beneficiary, and till date two kharif and rabi seasons have been covered. In addition workshops like; Achievers Farmer Training are also carried out to update the information and knowledge of trainers on crop management for frontline farm demonstrations.

ICRISAT: Farmers Participatory Integrated Nutrient Management

International Crop Research Institute for the Semi Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Hyderabad collaborated with CARD for aresearch project on ‘farmer participatory integrated nutrient management’ for a period of five years (2008-2014) in 5 villages of Mahuria Panchayat, Agar block of Shajapur district. In this project, various agricultural development activities are being carried out with the help of farmers’ participation. This project mainly focuses on various factors to improve the agricultural production in the project area. These activities includes dissemination of different tested technologies, income generating agri-horticultural & vegetable systems, nursery raising for GIliricidia & Leucaena for planting on buds, converting organic residue into valuable manure through bio-composting and increasing forage production. This project has helped in increasing Soyabean productivity and income through sustainable crop management by farmer’s participatory approach. Under this project various newly developed technologies of ICRISAT are implemented to improve economic condition on one hand and their well being on other. It also help in reduction of agriculture land degradation in the region by using the different technologies.

350 farmers of eight villages are included in the project activities, who due to the motivational & technical trainings are well equipped with latest technologies related to agricultural development in the region. Majority of farmers are participating in various types of trial methodologies organized by the implementing agency. Different micronutrient trials were performed on agricultural fields of farmers from 8 villages which show better results. The uses of agricultural activities increase area, production, productivities and high vegetative growth of selected crops. All these activities have improved demand of good quality seed in all the villages. The high yielding variety of Chick pea gave good production in a less irrigation with minimum investment. Vermi-compost production practices were adopted by several farmers. Ten farmers installed drip irrigation under water conservation practices. Green gram showed vigorous vegetative growth and high yields on several selected farmers. Vegetable production also shows positive results after application of Zinc & Boron. Nurseries were developed by two farmers for Glyricidia plantation. These plants are grow on agricultural field boundary and other bunds. Glyricidiya used as green manure by some farmers with good results.

Tribal Women Agriculture Transformation (MKSP)

Tribal Women Agriculture Transformation (MKSP)

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Watershed Rehabilitation                              

Watershed Rehabilitation  

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Poverty Initiatives                                 

Poverty Initiatives

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District Poverty Initiative Projects

Indira Gandhi Garibi Hatao Yojana: DPIP, M.P.

The DPIP: Phase-I was an ambitious project of the Government of Madhya Pradesh aimed at combating poverty through empowering the people and by improving the governance. The programme was being executed in 20 villages of Agar block of Shajapur district during 2001-07. In all 620 CIGs have been formed covering over three thousands beneficiaries, and over Rs 4 crores have been disbursed in livelihood activities and over Rs 1 crore spent under the infrastructure development activities. Village Development Committees have been formed in all villages and 15 of these Samitis have successfully initiated micro finance activities. The prominent livelihood activities promoted are in the agriculture and allied sector, namely; lift irrigation, dug well, agriculture innovations and dairying. One Agro based Producer Company ‘Samarth’ was also formed. The project (Phase-I) ended in 2007 and the DPIP decided to own and support run the company by itself. Some of the major achievements were:

  • A stop dam on river Lakhunder which had the storage capacity of 0.9 million cum and irrigation capacity of more than 5000 hectares,
  • Drinking water facility in 6 SC dominated villages which were accessing water from more than 2 km,
  • Earthen tanks on high lands, contour trenching on slopes and irrigation wells in valleys served as the successful agri- development model in 15 villages near Kannad in Agar block,
  • A primary school built by villagers on their own and run for two years before government takeover,

The efforts resulted significant improvement in the farming production, particularly in wheat, soybean, orange, spices, dairy and goatry, and resulted in perceptible overall prosperity.

Nava Anjor: DPIP Chhattisgarh

The Nawa Anjor was implemented as a major poverty alleviation initiative in 2000 Gram Panchayats in 40 blocks of 16 Districts of Chhattisgarh. The project belief was working through Common Interest Groups (CIGs) of the poor, in particular women and the tribal people and vulnerable sections.

CARD, which played the lead role of sensitizing and orienting all the project staff (govt and NGO) was also associated with the programme as the Project Facilitation Team during 2005-10. CARD has facilitated formation of Community Interest Groups (CIGs) in 25 Panchayats of Magarlod block of Dhamtari District. The programme was implemented by making social and economic investments in villages in a manner and in schemes that are community driven and need based. More than 200 CIGs were facilitated.

One major achievement was formation of a farmer’s group irrigation scheme which irrigated more than 400 hectares through community electric pumps by lifting water from river Mahanadi.

Agricultural Water Management (AWM)           

Agricultural Water Management (AWM)

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Agricultural Water Management (AWM)

Project Overview

The AgWater Solutions Project to improve the livelihoods of poor and marginalized smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia through agricultural water management (AWM) solutions, assessing where and how agricultural water management (AWM) can improve rural livelihoods and reduce poverty. Work focussed on five African countries (Ghana, Burkina Faso, Zambia, Tanzania and Ethiopia) and two states in India (West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh).

In each country the AgWater Solutions Project has followed a consistent methodology: initial research to understand the status of AWM (situation analysis) followed by a national consultation to discuss findings and distil priorities for field-level research and piloting. In parallel, FAO and IFPRI have been mapping the potential for AWM to contribute to poverty alleviation at national and sub continental levels. A series of workshops (the AWM Dialogueled by FAO with National Dialogue Facilitators) were held at national and sub national levels, to ground truth research findings and identify gaps and priorities for influencing AWM through policy, and links with private sector and farmer groups. The project (2010-2012) findings are packaged into investment recommendations for target stakeholder groups.

AWM Dialogue process

This dialogue aimed to consult, discuss and validate possible AWM solution options and to suggest priorities for investment at the national level on the basis of scientific references and a good understanding of local knowledge, actors’ needs and preferences. Discussions in the events aimed to understand the causes of adoption or abandonment of some of the AWM interventions, and enlarge the range of the “possibles”. They should help us find practical means to forge links between water, poverty and livelihoods in rural areas, in particular, by showing how access to agricultural water determines livelihoods and survival in rural areas.

In Madhya Pradesh, the main constraints identified by the AgWater Solutions Situation Analysis in 2009 wereoveruse of groundwater and electricity power cuts, which affect farmers using electric pumps. Any AWM solution would have to reduce dependence on groundwater and not rely on electricity. As such, to increase water availability the project looked into means of supporting the proliferation of decentralized rainwater harvesting (on-farm ponds, also called ex-situ water harvesting) and field bunding to increase waterretention in the soil (in-situ rainwater harvesting). To increase water access the project analyzed on how to facilitate low-cost water lifting options (e.g., pump rental) and drip irrigation to improve water utilization. Financial support measures to implement these AWM improvements were also explored to facilitate private investment and improve targeting of existing government subsidies.

AWM options identified during the State Consultation

The State AWM Consultation discussed the situational analysis and identified a number of areas in which research would be beneficial. The AgWater Solutions project selected some of these for further analysis. IWMI and partners are also exploring options for: (i) accelerating adoption of low-cost drip systems (ii) low-cost water pumping services, and (iii) financing for all of the above AWM solutions.

To discuss these research findings and inform the AWM mapping work, a series of meetings were arranged during 2010-12; this brief summarizes this process and its findings.

Outreach activities

Through AWM Solutions materials, CARD has shared information with Panchayats. Awareness-raising activities to encourage farmers to construct field bunds or farm ponds at the local level started in May 2011 and are still going on. Regular village-level meetings were organized in villages in Ujjain (50), Dhar (30), Mahu (10) and Mandla (50) and field visits of selected farmers were also organized to Dewas’ Rewa Sagars; farmers from Mandla, Ujjain, Dhar and Mahu locations.  Two detailed manuals on agriculture water management were prepared for Malwa and Mahakaushal regions, which also include farmer field school manuals on irrigation. A documentary (a film in Hindi language) has also been prepared locally on AWM for dissemination in the state. A documentary about field bunding and farm ponds was also shared with large gathering of farmers (Sammelan) in Dewas, Ujjain, Dhar, Mandla and Dindori; these meetings could reach up to 500,000 farmers in each district.

WUA Strengthening in PIM                              

WUA Strengthening in PIM

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ADB-CIDP supported PIM program including Water User Association Strengthening

The overall goal of Chhattisgarh Irrigation Development Project (CIDP) was to improve rural livelihood and reduce rural poverty through improved irrigation service delivery, enhanced agricultural practices, and strengthened water resources management to increase the productivity of irrigated agriculture in the State. The main components of the project were: Strengthening water Resources Department; Participatory Irrigation Management; Rehabilitation and Upgrading of Irrigation Systems, and Agricultural Support Services for approximately 155 minor schemes and 20 medium schemes, covering a total of about 200,000 ha. CIDP was implemented by the Chhattisgarh Water Resources Department, WRD. A Project Management Unit, PMU, was established in WRD at Raipur to assume overall responsibility for management of all project activities including the NGO activity. NGOs’ basic responsibility was to provide a variety of staff, ranging from Community Organizers to Specialists (in PIM and Agriculture including Command Area Development, CAD, On-Farm-Water management, OFWM and Agricultural Marketing) to work under the direct technical guidance and management of Technical Assistance (TA) Consultants of CIDP. During the process, WUAs will be empowered and developed as “Self-sustained entities” and WRD capacity will be enhanced. When this is internalized, NGO staff TA inputs would be withdrawn.

The project started during 2009 with ASA (Action for Social Advancement), an MP based NGO providing all the services of Package A and B (as defined under the contract). Unfortunately the association did not last long and the NGO services were re-advertised. The NGO services were now divided into two separate contracts because it was understood that NGOs do not have adequate expertise and experience in all the components and because certain NGOs are specialized in one or more of these components. However, unfortunately the main aspect of bringing a practical harmony between the complex working ethos of the government and the Non-government sector was missed in the design of the contract. The new Contract was made on the 15th March of 2010 between Chhattisgarh Irrigation Development Project, Project Management Unit (PMU and Centre for Advanced Research and Development (CARD),as Consultant for INR 112.986 Million (One Hundred Twelve Million Nine Hundred Eighty Six Thousand Indian Rupees). CARD faced a tough situation initially wherein working was practically impossible and hence decided to withdraw but later on decided to continue providing its services on NO SERVICE CHARGE basis in the larger interest of the project.

The annual target of CARD- Package-A NGO in WUAs capacity strengthening about PIM act in whole Chhattisgarh state (CARD) component wise was- 2 Capacity Building sessions to each Group of farmer/ WUA Participants in 25 irrigation system under IIP of component-I(110-115 WUAs); 5 Capacity Building sessions to each Group of farmer / WUA Participants in 20 irrigation system under component 2 (about 90-100 WUAs) and 1 Capacity Building sessions to each Group of farmer / WUA Participants in 250 irrigation systems under component-1(about 1150 WUAs). The status of WUAs regarding the understanding of PIM was not much. The WUAs in most of the irrigation systems in India are formed in an informal manner without much emphasis on real empowerment and sustainability. The objective has always been to distribute the maintenance fund (one-time grant of Rs 22500 in case of CG) irrespective of settlement of conflicting issues in the long term equitable distribution of water. The first phase (2010-2013) has finished by achieving remarkable success. All the stake holders were now looking forward for the second phase, which however could not start. Overall it was a great experience to be part of the widely appreciated combined effort of the ADB, WRD, NGOs and the local Community Institutions in the irrigation development and agriculture improvement through people’s participation in the state of Chhattisgarh.

Wise Water Management (WWM)    

Wise Water Management (WWM)

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Review and strengthening of Wise Water Management and enhancement of the capacity of state of Madhya Pradesh to improve water security in tribal residential schools with UNICEF

UNICEF WASH’s programme is supporting the Flagship Programmes on water, sanitation and hygiene in ensuring equitable and sustainable access to and use of safe water and basic sanitation services with particular emphasis on socially excluded groups. Therefore UNICEF implemented the WWM design in 21 tribal residential schools; these “WWM models” convinced the Tribal Welfare Department (TWD) and the Public Health Engineering Department (PHED) to replicate WWM systems in 400 hostels across Madhya Pradesh, with a leveraged fund of Rs. 60 million. So far, as reported by PHED, 252 schemes have been completed and the remaining works are in progress. TWD has proposed to cover all tribal residential schools in the State through WWM.

In addition to construction and repair work CARD also was also involved in preparing a training manual capturing the Operation & Maintenance component developed and shared in workshops. In all 32 Hostels & Ashram schools and approximately 2100 students’ teachers / Hostel and Ashram superintendents and officials participated in these workshops. Further Ganga Ma Mandals (Kitchen Garden) were established in 21 Hostels (UNICEF) supported system. The Ganga Ma Mandal (Kitchen Gardens) were established after selection of area/place, formation of brick boundary, replacing the moormi soil with black soil, removing the stones and bed preparation etc.

Exposure and representation visits of selected students and teachers were organized in various districts in which more than 200 students and teachers took part. The District level work shops were also organized to share the approach followed in the project to achieve the desired results in each district. During these workshops district wise detailed power point presentation were made to the participants including officials from tribal welfare department, PHED, scheduled caste welfare department, Teacher, wardens and students.

A way forward workshop to share the findings of the WWM was organized at Bhopal in which more than 50 different stakeholders participated in discussions sharing their experiences. It was decided in the workshop that PHED may immediately make an assessment of the status of existing WWM systems high lighting requirement of fund for repairs/ renovation, and may immediately hand over all complete systems to tribal and schedule caste welfare department for onward handing over to Hostel management. At the same time the TSCWD (Tribal and Scheduled Caste Welfare Department) may also include the inspection of WWM systems in the runtime monitoring system of the department, The annual maintenance fund for small repairs may be placed at the disposal of Hostel/Ashrams and one time budget provision for renovation/major repair of existing non-functional system to the Hostels /Ashrams be made.

Documentation of voices of Children: Documentation of voices of children is an important component of this project. To facilitate the same different exercises ware facilitated amongst children and staff of Hostels and Ashram Schools in all the districts. A workshop was organized during September 2012 to design and develop the tools to record the voices of children. During the workshop a power point presentations were made on child rights, the link between our project objectives, output and child right, techniques & tools to be used while discussing with children etc. group of children including girls and boys of Bhopal hostel also participated in the workshop on day two. Some of the identified techniques were tested among this group of children. For documentation of voice of children different teams of non project members visited the institutions (Hostel and Ashram schools) of Dhar, Jhabua, Guna, Shivpuri and Bhopal Districts. During their visit the documentation team gathered the information from children regarding their views to-word utility of WWM system in their hostels & Ashrams children appreciated the system and suggested some points to improve the working of this system comparing the practices of Hygiene and sanitation between home and hostels etc.

Fit For School - WASH                        

Fit For School - WASH

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Institutionalizing Hand Washing with Soap in Schools in Shivpuri District with UNICEF- 2013-14

UNICEF NYHQ and GIZ entered into a partnership, designed to support few selected countries globally, to roll out the Fit for School approach. India is one of the countries selected for this innovation. Madhya Pradesh is one of the three states selected for piloting Fit for School project in India. The operationalization of this concept required support from the national and state government and local implementation partners. The role of the implementation partner (CARD) was to test the concept in 50 schools, demonstrate the early results and contribute in developing the template for scaling up at the state/national level. To achieve the above 50 Schools and one Hostel and one Ashram of different villages of Shivpuri District of Madhya Pradeshwere identified. During this efforts were made togenerate awareness towards this fact among the school children, teachers and school management committee members in the identified schools and hostels of the District.Hand washing before mid day meals had been practiced daily to promote and scale up the reach of hand washing habits at critical times i.e. before eating and after using toilets.

Planned Activities: 5thJune 2013 – 31st March 2014

During the entire project period the emphasis was given on developing systems and mechanisms aimed at mainstreaming hand washing in 50 schools of Shivpuri district, improvement of WASH facilities in schools and improved capacities of SMCs, teachers and child cabinets to monitor WASH in Schools. The detailed description of the key activities planned under the PCA is as follows:

  • Identification of 50 schools for demonstration of hand washing practice
  • Base Line study and End line study
  • Orientation of Teachers, Child cabinets (Bal Sansad) and Meena Manch on hygiene promotion and hand washing practice
  • Construction of hand washing facilities in all schools
  • Promotion of hand washing with soap in 50 schools
  • Monitoring of hand washing practice in schools
  • Knowledge management and capacity development plan for scaling up

Achievement Against each project deliverable:

1. Selection of Schools During June, 2013 all the schools of three blocks of Shivpuri were visited for selection of schools for project. After visit 50 schools were selected for the hand wash activities. In this project two hostels of kolaras and khatora were also included.
2. Training of Project Staff The orientation training program for Project’s core teamand animatorswas organized during 8 – 10th July’ 2013. During this three days’ training program issues related to activities of project, objectives and targets were explained to all the trainees in detail.
3. Baseline Survey Development of Micro Plan for Each School Baseline survey work was conducted during the month of July 2013. The findings of baseline survey gave the status of infrastructural condition of all the schools. School wise microplan was developed for each identified School/Ashram/Hostel. In which programme calendar training and other day to dayactivities had been planned. The content of calendarincludes information on following behavior: 1. Washing hand with Soap at the critical times 2. Safe Disposal of Human Excreta 3. Safe Disposal of Child Excreta 4. Safe Keeping of Drinking Water for purity assurance.
4. Development of Reporting System The reporting mechanism was developed during August-Sepember 2013 to evaluate & keep the recordof the hand wash activities was developed by the project team. (A) Daily reporting system developed with the help of SMS reporting by the Animators on the daily basis to Project Associate who forwards to Project Officer. After compilation of whole report of district, Project officer submited this to Bhopal head office through online format. (B) Monthly reporting system had also been developed. Under this monthly report formats had been designed for data collection. Animators were responsible to collect data in the format.
5. Development of different Tools and Material for the Schools The tools and materials needed for implementation of Fit for School plan were developed and tested during second quarter of project. After finalization, the same had been supplied to each school. Copy provided to UNICEF office and RajyaShiksha Kendra Bhopal.
6. Development of Design Estimates for Hand wash Units The design and estimates were developed with the help of R.E.S. according to instructions of District Penchant and State Education Center.
7. Construction of Hand Wash Unit Construction of hand wash units was completed by second quarter, in each identified school/Ashram/Hostel with the help of Gram Panchayats’ Sarpach and Secretary‘s support. Based on the student’s strength of the school a few villageswere identified and additional hand wash units were constructed.
8. Repairs of Hand Wash Units After completion of HWU by gram Panchayats, some hand wash units were damaged by miscreants. Four damaged HWUs were repaired by CARD to let hand wash program continue
9. Coordination with Different Line Departments • Identification of place of construction of hand wash unit and design estimate including technical sanction for construction of hand wash units were carried out with the coordination of Janpad Panchayat, Education Department, R.E.S. and Gram Panchayat institutions . • Line departments such as PHED, R.E.S., RSK, District Education Department, Janpad Panchayt, Zila Panchayat and Gram Panchayats were contacted for repairing of non functional hand pumps, School Sanitation structure etc. • With the coordination of Government Departments in Shivpuri, The Wash infrastructure and other facilities were provided with in every school.
10. Availability of Soap in the School The instructions were issued by Rural development deptt to District Collector that soap for hand wash should be made available from MDM funds. The Collector Shivpuri and state education centre instructed the Distt. Education officer and school and Gram Panchayats to follow the same in each school. Due to this Soap availability was ensured.
11. Trainings Conducted (A) Trainings of Stakeholders: The Training Modules for training of SMC members, CC,SHG members and teacher were designed and being utilized for training. (B) SHG Members (Cooks): Intensive training program was conducted for SHG members in whom how to conduct kitchen cleaning, when and frequency of cleaning, cleaning during food preparation and other things related to cleanliness was emphasized.
12. Preparation of 100 days Calendar Calendar was developed to plan out the cleaning activities for each identified school/Ashram/Hostel for 100 days duration.
13. Conducting Quarterly Review Meeting The representatives of UNICEF and RSK visited to CARD office Shivpuri to review the project developmental activities with Shivpuri staff and headquarter officials on 12th Sept, 2013.
14. Undertake minimum 100 school days group hand washing This was ensured in each identified School and also recorded the data of the participation of different stakeholders in this activity.
15. SMC and child cabinet Meeting. In all the school monthly meeting of school management committees and child cabinet were organized and hand washing activity was discussed.
16. Global Hand wash day Celebration Global hand wash day was celebrated in all schools on 15th Oct. 2013. All the Children, Teachers and SHG member including public representatives washed their hand. In some schools rally was organized. In all the schools hand wash and hygiene awareness generation programme was organized.
17. Celebration of Sanitation week (Swachhta Saptah) The last week of February ’13 was celebrated as sanitation week in all 50 schools. During this week some activities among the children, like drawing and essay writing completion were organized. The theme was “Sanitation and cleanliness” the essays wrote by student and picture they drew showed that they have really learned a lot from the Fit for School project.
18. Submit deliverables to UNICEF; training materials, tools and design etc.
    The following deliverable had been submitted to UNICEF:- • Training materials • Tools • Hand washing designs.
19. End line survey report End line survey was conducted during last quarter of project implementation schedule. The report had been submitted to UNICEF Bhopal.
20. Dissemination work shop The work shop will be organized in August 2014 as per directions received from UNICEF.
Towards Health and Dignity            

Towards Health and Dignity

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Swachh Bharat Abhiyan - Towards Health and Dignity Improving Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Madhya Pradesh

Prime Minister Narendra Modi called for making ‘Swachh Bharat’ into a mass movement and linking it to economic activity to ensure greater participation. ‘Mission Swachh Bharat’ (clean India) launched on October 2, with Mahatma Gandhi as the inspiration, to create a clean India of his dreams by 2019 on his 150th birth anniversary.

In the context of the declaration of the plan to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has prepared a note on the Swachh Bharat Mission. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: The present goal under NBA is to achieve 100% access to sanitation for all rural households by 2022. Under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA), the Goal is now preponed to make India Open Defecation Free (ODF) by 2019 by construction of individual, cluster & community toilets; and villages will be kept clean, including through solid and liquid waste management through Gram Panchayats. Water pipelines have to be laid to all villages enabling tap connection into households on demand by 2019.In this matter, co-operation and convergence of all Ministries, Central & State schemes, CSR & bilateral/multilateral assistance may become necessary as well as new & innovative ways of funding such interventions.

MP WASH program is active in 16 Districts of the state with objective of availability of Clean Drinking Water, Zero Open Defecation, Personal Hygiene, Clean Villages and Health Education. WaterAid an International Organization in collaboration with DFID is working in various states in raising awareness towards clean drinking water, construction of toilets and its usage and personal hygiene

Under WASH Awareness Program, The agreement between Centre for Advanced Research and Development, CARD as an Implementation Partner with Lead Organization WaterAid, New Delhi “Towards Health and Dignity Improving Water Sanitation & Hygiene in Madhya Pradesh” was signed on 12th June 2014. CARD has been sanctioned two blocks namely Chhatarpur and Tendukheda of Chhatarpur and Damoh districts respectively.

Global Hand washing Event:

With the launch of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Madhya Pradesh did its commitment by encouraging the use of toilets and washing hands with soap at village level. On the occasion of Global hand washing day i.e. 15th October, 2014, CARD with the support of WaterAid celebrated this event in Chhatarpur and Damoh district with school children. CARD is working on WASH program since August 2014 in both Chhatarpur and Damoh district for infusing awareness of washing hands with soap in critical times i.e. before eating, after defecating, after cleaning the faeces, before preparing and serving food as the key theme of the project. In villages through Triggering Exercise, animators oriented the school children, teachers, Anganwadi centre workers and communities about washing hands with soap in proper manner and during critical times.

List of Schools of Chhatarpur block Participated in Global Hand Washing Day
Name of School
No. of Children attanded
M.S. Niwari
Ms.Bhagya shree Rawat
M.S. Hama
Bhoopat Ahirwar
M.S. Sarani
Matadeen Ahirwar
M.S. Saora
Mrs. Pramod Nayak
M.S. Rampur dilla
Rajbahadur pathak
P.S. Rampur dilla
Rajbahadur pathak
M.S. Bangay
Vinod Vishvkarma
GPS Bangay
Vinod Vishvkarma
BPS Bangay
Vinod Vishvkarma
M.S. Panotha
Deepak Ray
P.S. Panotha
Rakesh Ray
M.S. Deri
Hariom Jadiya
M.S. Khadgay
Aarti Sharma
P.S. Khadgay
Aarti Sharma
P.S. Pipora Khurd
Sunil Sharma
M.S. Budhor
Shubam Sharma
M.S. Kurra
Jagdish Bindua
P.S. Kurra
Jagdish Bindua
M.S. Kadari
Sandeep Sen
M.S. Ramgarh
Naresh Shivhare

List of schools of Tendukheda Block Participated in Global Hand Washing Day
Name of School
No. of Children attanded
M.S. Bailwada
Ramdas Tiwari
M.S. Bamnoda
Lakhan Singh
M.S. Bansi
Arvind Yadav
M.S. Dhangour
Pramod Pal
P.S. Girls Dhangour
Pramod Pal
P.S. Dhangour
Pramod Pal
M.S. Jhalon
Nanhe Singh
M.S. Khamriya Ajitpur
Dinesh Yadav
M.S. Madankheda
Devkinandan Rahi
M.S. Mohad
Dhan Singh
P.S. Narguwan
Bhagwan Singh
M.S. Patloni
Akhilesh Lodhi
M.S. Pura
Pancham Singh
M.S. Sailwada
Parmoo Rajak
M.S. Taradehi
Devi Singh
M.S. Tejgarh
Khoob Chand jain
TI & LWS - NACO                              


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Targeted Intervention (TI) and Link Workers Scheme (LWS) with NACO

India has the third-highest number of people living with HIV in the world with 2.1 million Indians accounting for about four out of 10 people infected with the deadly virus in the Asia—Pacific region, according to a UN report.

Targeted Intervention

The report by UNAIDS, the United Nations programme on HIV/AIDS, said that 19 million of the 35 million people living with the virus globally do not know their HIV—positive status and so ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030 will require smart scale—up to close the gap.

The first—ever UNAIDS ‘Gap Report’ said after sub—Saharan Africa, the region with the largest number of people living with HIV is Asia and the Pacific.

At the end of 2013, there were an estimated 4.8 million people living with HIV across the region. Six countries - China, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam - account for more than 90 percent of the people living with HIV in the region.

It said HIV treatment coverage is only 36 per cent in India, where 51 per cent of AIDS—related deaths occur. In India, the numbers of new HIV infections declined by 19 per cent, yet it still accounted for 38 per cent of all new HIV infections in the region. The proportions of people who do not have access to antiretroviral therapy treatment are 64 per cent in India.

In Asia and the Pacific, the number of AIDS—related deaths fell by 37 per cent between 2005 and 2013, the report said.

India recorded a 38 per cent decline in AIDS—related deaths between 2005 and 2013. During this period, there was a major scale up of access to HIV treatment with  more than 700,000 people were on antiretroviral therapy, the second largest number of people on treatment in any single country.

In India, HIV prevalence among female sex workers dropped from 10.3 per cent to 2.7 per cent but it increased in the states of Assam, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, the report said.

India has a large population and population density coupled with low literacy level and low level of awareness of HIV/AIDS making it is one of the most challenging health problem ever faced by the country. More than 90% of HIV transmission in India is related to unprotected sexual intercourse or sharing of injecting equipment between an infected and uninfected individual. The core high risk groups of individuals are most at risk female sex workers, MSM, Injecting drug users. HIV transmission dynamics in India are such that unless effective targeted HIV prevention saturates the most at risk HRGs of FSWs, MSMs/ TGs and IDUs, the epidemic will not be controlled. But the positive implication is that if HIV prevention is successful among these HRGs, the epidemic will be substantially curtailed.

Intensifying and Consolidating Prevention services with a focus on High Risk Groups (HRG) will support the scaling up of Targeted Interventions (TIs). Targeted Interventions (TI) are a specific set of Intervention in HIV/AIDS Control Programme meant specifically to reach out to groups seen to practice high-risk behavior (HRG). High Risk Groups comprise of Female Sex Worker (FSW). The goal of NACP-3 is to saturate coverage of high- risk groups through TIs.   It is estimated that if 80% of the high risk groups are reached, it would effectively lead to saturation coverage of HRGs.

FSWs have many sexual partners concurrently. Generally, full-time FSWs have at least one client per day, or at least 30 clients per month, and nearly 400 per year. Some FSWs have more clients than others, having several clients per day and 100 or more clients in a month. The higher risk of FSWs is reflected in a substantially higher prevalence of HIV among them than in the general population. In India, sentinel surveillance data has shown that the HIV prevalence is generally 10-20% or more, which is more than ten times higher, among FSWs than among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics. The principles guiding the implementation of Core High Risk Group TIs are:-

  • District level mapping of HRGs and planning.
  • Focus on coverage of clients of sex workers.
  • Linkages between TI and continuum of care
  • Focus on enabling environment (including equitable access to services).
  • Forming CBOs to represent the community.

ARD is implementing TI in Bhopal District with a target of 800 FSWs. The target area is entire Bhopal town with a separate team of Project Director, Project Manager, Counsellor, M&E officer and ORW’s. CARD has opened a separate office in Subhash Nagar locality exclusively for the TI project.
The fight against HIV/AIDS particularly  in rural in areas becomes more pronounced in view of stigma and discrimination surrounding HIV, resulting in poor access to health care, gender inequality etc..  The existing primary health care system has limited scope and capacity to deal with the sensitive issues like HIV, sexuality and drug use.  Keeping this in mind, LWS has been conceived for building the capacity of the rural community in fights with HIV by NACO.

Centre for Advanced Research and Development (CARD) therefore, rightly decide to work for the cause and has been selected as Lead NGO for CGSAC for Link Worker Scheme in Chhattisgarh to implement the various schemes and campaigns of the NACO. The NGO partners include; Samarthan in Raipur, Pratigya Vikas Sansathan in Durg and Jan Kalyan Samajik Samsathan in Rajnandgaon. Link Workers Scheme is the rural base scheme with district level interventions with the formation of dedicated cadre of village level link workers. Link workers generate awareness and enhance utilization of prevention, care and support programs and services in an enabling environment. It contributes in reducing stigma and discrimination by working with the existing village community structural groups like village health committees. The scheme develops a cadre of trained local personals as link workers and volunteers to work with HRGs vulnerable young people and woman in selected districts of the Chhattisgarh. The objectives of the programme are as follows:

  • To reach out to high risk groups and vulnerable young people (man & woman in rural areas) with information, knowledge and skills on STI/HIV prevention risk reduction.
  • To promote increased and consistent use of condom with casual and regular partner.
  • To generate awareness and enhance utilization of prevention, care and support programs and services (especially STI, ICTC, PPTCT, ART and DOT).
  • To create an enabling environment through involvement PLHAs reducing stigma and discrimination that facilitates the recognition of HRGs into the community and recognition of their right.
  • To promote information and enhance utilization of care and support programmes and services by individual living with HIV.

Statistical Information (LWS) (Table):

Static Information
Introduction of LWS Please click here for details
Link Worker Guideline Please click here for details
Activities Please click here for details
List of Villages Please click here for details
Latest Report Please click here for details
List of Staff Please click here for details
TRC: Rural Technology Resource Centre

TRC: Rural Technology Resource Centre

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Rural Technology Development and Application Centre (TRC) in Backward Tribal Region

Technology Management Programme’ was started in 96 villages of 44 Panchayats of Ghughari block of Mandla district during 2001. After survey and mobilization local resources were identified and quantified. Thereafter, need and market research based Technology Management Packages (TMP) were developed and field-tested to generate employment and sustained livelihoods for the rural tribals.

The following Technology Management Packages have been developed and approved by the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India.

  • Eco friendly Honey Harvesting & Scientific Processing
  • Medicinal Plant Semi-Processing
  • Low Cost Nursery
  • Organic Composting
  • Natural Fiber Processing, and
  • Processing of Locally available Food Products

The UNDP-DST support, built up in the programme for the initial phase could not continue beyond two years (2001-03), which by any standards was a very short period. Livelihood based initiatives in the backward tribal region need long gestation period. But it has helped in creation of basic infrastructure and has introduced new and viable technology packages linked to locally available natural resources. It is our endeavor to take this technological input to the whole backward tribal eastern region. Two of the initiatives; honey and Medicinal Plant (Nursery) have been successful in integrating outside support to continue.

Natural Honey harvesting was supported by the CFLI to establish a processing centre and partial support was provided by TRIFED and SGSY for training and kit distribution. Now SRTT is providing partial support for marketing honey through Maikalsuta honey federation (See details under Eco friendly Honey harvesting).

A Low Cost Nursery was established at the TRC to facilitate supply of healthy and pure planting material of commercially important medicinal plants. Toyota Grant for Environment programme (Japan) has supported the activity of domestication, cultivation and processing of medicinal plants. A large nodal nursery was established at the CARD Agriculture farms and 10 satellite nurseries were established at different locations. Planting material was supplied from Nodal nursery to satellite nurseries to self-help groups during 2004-07. The central nursery is still running and annually around 2 lakh different saplings are planted in the villages around.

Natural fiber (sisal) processing was another activity which once involved around 200 tribal women and a range of 20 different products were produced and sold in Bombay. CARD could not scale it up when demand increased due to lack of investment.

A semi-processing unit was set up at the TRC to process the medicinal plants and to serve as a common facility centre for the self-help group. Satellite semi-processing units were also established at different villages. Now again we look forward to run the TRC at full capacity.

Community Initiatives for Secured Childhood among Bhils

Community Initiatives for Secured Childhood among Bhils

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Addressing Draught by Natural Resources Management through Community Initiatives for Secured Childhood in Dhar District (tribal Bhil) of Western Madhya Pradesh

Secured Childhood through Community Initiatives- a long term Child Development Programme is being implemented in 20 villages of Tirla block of Dhar district. The programme aims at child centred total development through sponsor ship of around one thousand children/households and is intended on one hand total development of the future children and long term drought proofing of the region on the other. To achieve the long term goal of secured childhood for the present and future generations and food security, the project “Secured Childhood through Resource Management” sets the following objectives and strategies:

To ensure that the children of the selected region enjoy reasonable standard of living with secured future development by improving health and education infrastructure.

To ensure that women are brought to the forefront of development processes for an assured child security by involving women in the decision making process, build their capacities and assure involvement of women in the development processes.

To ensure that the government social security schemes are properly implemented and reach the right beneficiaries so that food for even the most vulnerable and marginalized person in the community is secured.

It was proposed to initiate the above strategies with CCF India during 2004 in the selected cluster of villages. CCF support mainly focused on education, health, nutrition, and early child development components, and partially in livelihoods security issues. CARD integrated it with NREGA based watershed programmes.

The major achievements are;

  • 14 ECD centers with 420 children on role,
  • 16 child clubs formed,
  • 25 households developed small orchards
  • Dairy income generation activities were pursued by 50 households,


  • 3 child resource centres well equipped with computers and other teaching aids started
  • Ten Reading Skill Improvement Programmes covering 300 children,
  • Implementation of school Quality Improvement Program to create healthy education environment in selected schools with Community or Govt. Education Dept.
  • Facilitation of Reading Skill Improvement Programme in Government Schools Support classes to improve the grade of school children
  • Group counselling sessions on examination phobia


  • Safe Motherhood: ANC, PNC, Hundred percent institutional deliveries,
  • Child Care: Immunization, nutritional care and support, 82 percent immunization among children, Routine immunization camps for children and pregnant women in linkages with line Department.
  • ANC/PNC camps are being organized at village/block level for the community and provide IFA tablets.
  • Capacity building of adolescent on personnel hygiene, RCH
  • Awareness, prevention of Malaria, HIV/ AIDS, Family Planning Emergency help by project in serious cases
Census of India 2011: Census with Sensitivity            

Census of India 2011: Census with Sensitivity

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Census of India 2011: Census with Sensitivity

CARD in partnership with the National Alliance for ‘Census with Sensitivity”, an initiative of the UNICEF extended support to the Office of the Registrar General of India (ORGI) for 2011 Census. CARD was partner NGO in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and provided support to training of Master Trainers in these states. CARD s provided 5 out of 90 National Trainers and 35 Master Trainer Facilitators out of 60 MTFs in MP & CG states.


India completed the 15th Census of the country on 9 February 2011 where every citizen of the country was enumerated to update the national population database. This was a massive task involving a few millions of functionaries (2.7 million enumerators, support and supervisory staff). It was essential that each of these individual at every stage had a clear understanding of Census operations and the knowledge and skills to effectively perform the task of enumeration. To ensure highest quality result, a series of capacity enhancement activities at critical levels were proposed and executed. Both the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have large area of operation and diversified cultural areas. It had to carry out collection of data among large proportion of illiterate population in villages and settlements situated in isolated backward places in forests and hills, and even in Naxal affected regions, and everyone was to be enumerated. In short, it was a very difficult and complex task. On the other side the Decadal Census is a one day enumeration every ten years and in less than a months’ time around 27 lakh enumerators cover around 25 crore Households. The Department of Census has staff strength for its routine post-Census operations and therefore all the operational staff is optional arranged from various departments

Role of NGOs in Census Operations & Its CB Strategy:

A bold step was taken by the ORGI in support with UNICEF by extending participation to the Civil Society to assist with the task of capacity enhancement of the Functionaries through a participatory manner. A National Alliance was established between NGOs and training Facilitators to assist with the CENSUS 2011. The National Alliance was led by "SPARSH - Centre for Participatory Learning” and was supported by Six Lead NGOs for Six clusters of all the States. These were: Development Network (DevNet), CINI, NESPYM, SJDT, TARA and SPARSH. For the States of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh- SPARSH in support with CARD was the NGO Partner.

A pool of 90 National Facilitators (45 each by NA and ORGI) and a larger pool of 725 Master Trainer Facilitators (MTFs)- 375 from NA and 350 from ORGI helped train a pool of 54,000 Master Trainers (MTs) who eventually provided training support to the Enumerators. The MTs would finally train the Enumerators (27 lakh) and the MTs were trained by the Master Trainer Facilitators (MTFs) and MTFs by NT. The UNICEF support was limited to State level capacity Building by MTFs due to financial constraints.

The State Partner NGO- CARD Provided 5 National Trainers and 35 Master Trainer Facilitators. A pool of 60 Master Trainer Facilitators (MTFs) covered the State of MP comprising 50 Districts and over 300 Blocks and 23000 GPs. A Pool of Over 3000 MTs was trained from over the State to cover lakhs of Supervisors and Enumerators. It was Practically Impossible to Ensure Quality considering the Team of Part Time Personnel without the outside NGO support.

The CB Strategy at MP Level: Role of NGOs:

A Large Pool of around 600 Master Trainers were needed to ensure Quality Training at Enumerator Level. A much larger team of personnel (in thousands) was needed to ensure supervision of Census Operations over the State. Much more than that- There was Need to Ensure Sensitivity in Census Operations for Key Issues of Gender, Child Protection, Disability, Fertility, Migration, etc. It just could not be possible without a Mass Movement of Civil Society Organizations who organised Mega Mass Awareness Campaigns. Volunteers from NGOs across the State pooled together under the umbrella of CARD to Make this Maha-kumbh of Population Census Possible.

The NGOs therefore had to play very active role in this exercise at all the levels; division, district and block level as they were better placed to do so. The MP Census Department and CARD developed a network of around 40-50 NGOs who provided around four hundred volunteers to help in the process. The NGOs in MP support in the following:

  1. Provide help/ material in developing IEC material for Census sensitization of all stakeholders,
  2. Help in awareness campaign for the Census-2011 at all levels, ie; district/ block, urban/rural, and specifically to reach the marginalized castes and communities in schedules/ nonscheduled areas,
  3. Provide volunteers at district/ block levels for helping in Census- capacity building and monitoring in enumeration process.

Further separate teams were developed to help work on thematic areas of disability, gender, fertility, migration, women and child, etc. They helped sensitizing all stakeholders of Census operations on these issues and as a result the “Madhya Pradesh Census 2011” is the best. CARD also provided support to the MP Census Department in drafting the Analytical reports.

Pro Poor Livestock Sector Review & Policy Development Process

Pro Poor Livestock Sector Review & Policy Development Process

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Pro Poor Livestock Sector Review & Policy Development Process

CARD supported Livestock Sector Review and Policy Development Process under SDC-IC-CALPI Programme in Chhattisgarh state (all districts). The policy development initiative focused on Capacity Development in Human and Institutional Development by Training and Exposure with particular emphasis on key stakeholders who were participants in the Sector Review and Policy Development process. The assignment aimed at producing Sector study/ Situation analysis of the Livestock Sector in Chhattisgarh and Development of a Perspective Livestock Development plan along with the new Policy Document. The Chhattisgarh state has a livestock policy approved by the state cabinet, the first state in India to do so (2005-08).

As a newly formed State, Chhattisgarh is uniquely poised to define its own destiny and is taking many innovative steps to keep its promises to the people of the State. The development of a vision document, the current process of developing a pro poor livestock policy, using the committed and talented human resources of the State, are brave new initiatives of the government.

CALPI a programme of IC in India, funded by SDC, collaborated with the State Government of Chhattisgarh to develop a pro- poor livestock policy. In order to achieve this CALPI along with local coordinating agency CARD, mounted a well-planned strategy for policy formulation.

The sensing mission that was fielded at the onset found that in order for the policy to be workable, the administrative capacity of the veterinary professionals needed much improvement. A draft roadmap was developed that entailed support to the AHD for (i) capacity development plan focusing on sensitization of stakeholders through trainings and exposures as a prelude to policy making and (ii) livestock sector review that would form the basis of policy draft. In November 2004 MOU was signed between GoCG and CALPI regarding livestock policy formulation.

The institutional framework for policy formulation was later developed in 2005 by bringing together various stakeholders namely NGOs, private companies and cooperatives, Veterinary College and the Animal Husbandry Department (AHD) staff into a heterogeneous Resource Group (RG). This was followed by formation of a facilitation group, and sub-sector study groups. The sub-sector study groups jointly researched various livestock sub-sectors (Milk, Meat, Goat, Poultry, Feed & Fodder, Health, AI, HRD, etc) and drew out recommendations that fed into the policy. They also identified local priorities through PRA and captured farmer’s preferences for animal’s species and service delivery options. Various group participatory meetings with policy makers and consultations with animal husbandry professionals in public and private sectors, civil society organizations and farmers were organized that further strengthened the process.

This document is an attempt to capture the experiences of the participants during the period of policy formulation vis-à-vis the impact of the process and the challenges that are likely to be faced during its execution.

According to the participants the entire exercise conducted in order to develop the policy has been effective in generating a critical mass of stakeholders acting in developing and implementing a forward looking policy that is both need based and implementable. Other than equipping the participants with knowledge it has impacted their mindsets and developed confidence in them to proactively contribute to the sector. Commitment of the heads of the Department in the government and a vision to expand and professionalize the sphere of operation of AHD was sought that expedited the policy development process.

The biggest challenges during the process laid with the executors in order generate cohesiveness and manage the multi-stakeholder endeavor involving the Sponsors (SDC-IC-CALPI); the Executors (AHD, CALPI, and CARD); and the Key Players (AHD including BILDP and CSLDA, AVC, Dairy Federation, University, NDDB, NGOs). Each agency/ player had to be tackled and dealt with in order to yield appropriate results in the given time frame.

The policy speaks of a strategic shift towards decentralizing service delivery, market diversification through producer group formation, establishing cross linkages with line departments and private sector and mounting an extension system in collaboration with village institutions. More specifically, the policy addresses overriding pro-poor concerns and places poverty reduction as its primary goal. It recognizes that the livestock sector has a significant potential for improving the livelihood of the landless people and small and marginalized farmers.

The ‘Chhattisgarh Livestock Development & Breeding Policy’ has gained approval in a specially convened meeting of the State Cabinet on 27 September 08. It however faces an ownership crunch by its key players (SDC-IC, CARD and AHD). While on one hand the institutional mechanisms that are required to take the policy forward are yet to be established, on the other hand the department needs to cope with the deficit budget required to implement the policy. In this context though the process is being considered as a positive step, many fear that like any other policy this policy would also be only on papers.

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